Universal benefit in 2024: new rules for obtaining

Innovations on universal child benefit payments are planned for 2024. They have become necessary as part of the fight against fictitious registration of divorces or self-employed status. And they are aimed at eliminating the possibility of deliberately underestimating family income, circumventing the rules of “zero income”. Let’s look at how the system of child benefit payments to divorced parents and citizens with officially registered self-employment has been adjusted.

Универсальное пособие в 2024 году: новые правила получения

Also see the Universal Child Benefit in 2024.

Changes for divorced parents

Innovations on payments were approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 2010 dated 11/28/2023. It amended the initially adopted document, Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 2330 dated 12/16/2022.

The new rules relating to divorced applicants will enter into force on June 1, 2024 (although the rules have been adopted since December 1, 2023).

Highlights:

  1. Divorced parents will retain the right to child benefit, including all previously approved payments.
  2. The dissolution of a marriage will not be a reason for refusing to charge universal child benefit.
  3. The new year, 2024, will preserve the opportunity to receive social benefits for all citizens in need of state assistance.

Benefits will be accrued regardless of whether the marriage between the parents is registered, if they belong to the category of those in need. It includes absolutely everyone whose per capita income is below the subsistence level in the region of registration. Also, the changes do not apply to mandatory procedures for the registration of alimony between divorced applicants.

Only the rules for calculating the average per capita income of citizens who have a potential right to receive universal child benefit have been significantly revised. The changes apply to both divorced and unmarried (unmarried) people. While regulations are in force, suggesting that alimony received for minor children should be taken into account on an equal basis with salary, pension and income of sole proprietors.

But this does not reflect the real income situation. Some parents receive alimony even without documentation, by oral agreement with their ex-spouse. A number of other citizens receive them on the basis of an agreement certified by a notary. The third category does not go to court at all, because the financial support of the child is provided voluntarily.

All three of these cases relate to a situation where alimony remains unaccounted for. Because of this, such families actually receive income above the subsistence level. But, despite the availability of sufficient funds, they still apply for universal child benefit, although they do not belong to the category of those in need.

Changes in legislation are aimed at revising the accounting procedure for alimony received by applicants for state payments (new paragraph 49.1 of the Rules for the appointment of universal benefits). In 2024, alimony paid according to a notarized agreement will be taken into account in the amount specified in the document.

When applying for social benefits, you will have to attach an alimony agreement. If the second parent transfers the funds voluntarily, the applicant is invited to inform about the amounts on a voluntary basis. If there is no information about the amount of alimony or if their extremely small amount is indicated, the SFR will independently calculate the average per capita income of the family.

The following values are accepted by default:

  1. 1/4 of the minimum wage is one child.
  2. 1/3 of the minimum wage is two children.
  3. 1/2 of the minimum wage is three or more children.

The system is flexible, because regular indexing of the minimum wage is taken into account. C 1In January 2024, this amount will amount to 19,242 rubles (the increase in the minimum wage was adopted in accordance with Federal Law No. 548-FZ of 11/27/2023). Based on the announced rules, if the applicant does not receive information about the amount of alimony, then the SFR will consider that he receives about 4,810.50 rubles per month per child (6 414 rubles for two and 9,621 rubles for three).

IMPORTANT

The calculated amount of alimony will be taken into account when calculating the average per capita income of the applicant who applied for universal benefits.

It is important to keep in mind that the rules will enter into force on June 1, 2024. Divorced parents have time to normalize the issue of alimony. The same applies to those who indicate the status of “married” or “not married” when filling out documents. Information will be accepted from them only without documents.

Changes for the self-employed

The innovations are also designed to resolve the issue of obtaining universal child benefit for the self-employed. This is a category of citizens without an official job who are registered as payers of professional income tax (the so-called NAP). The direction has not been particularly worked out yet, so it has the opportunity to artificially reflect a low, irregular income suitable for the conditions of social benefits.

Experts of the Ministry of Labor believe that this feature allows unscrupulous citizens to circumvent the “zero income” rule. After all, it is enough for them to register as self-employed, but not to conduct any activity (only to issue a small number of checks for insignificant amounts). From December 1, 2023, such abuses begin to lose their meaning, since the rule on the minimum income of the self-employed is being introduced, giving the right to social benefits.

There are exceptions that allow you to “violate” the accepted scheme:

  1. The period of pregnancy and childbirth.
  2. The period of parental care for a child under the age of 3 years.
  3. Training in any state full-time study programs.
  4. Official care for a disabled child under the age of 18 or a disabled child of group I.
  5. Taking care of a person who has reached the age of 80.
  6. Continuous treatment for a period of more than 3 months.
  7. Job search if there is registration at the local employment center.

When considering the application of the self-employed, the fact of the absence of an official paid job is taken into account. If this is the case, they begin to assess the actual declared income (conducted according to the database of NAP services). The minimum allowable income level is two times the minimum wage for 12 calendar months.

This approach is defined by clause “n” of clause 31 of the Rules for the appointment of a universal benefit. In case of non-compliance with the specified condition, the SFR “automatically” refuses social benefits. The exception is the self-employed, officially employed, and having a documented good reason for non-compliance with the “zero income” rule (subclause “l” of clause 31 of the Rules for assigning universal benefits).

Other innovations in the universal manual

The amendments of December 1, 2023 imply an expansion of the list of incomes that are not taken into account in the calculations of the SFR as part of the approval of applications for the appointment of universal child benefit to families. They are included in the latest version of paragraph 53 of the Rules on the appointment of a universal benefit.

The new regulations imply the exclusion of the following types of income from the formula:

  1. Interest on current bank deposits belonging to minor children (before they reach the age of 18), as well as for children under guardianship or guardianship.
  2. One-time social payments due to citizens in case they are awarded the title of “Mother Heroine”.
  3. One-time social payments due to citizens when awarding the Order of Parental Glory or the medal of the Order of Parental Glory.

The innovations also imply the exclusion of all types of income received by children from the calculation of the average per capita income of the applicant’s family. The main thing is that during the considered period they were not yet 18 years old or during it they studied in institutions of secondary and higher education in any of the full-time forms of education.

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